The most important rule of all is to
- Protect your camera in this environment!
Without it you will not be able to take pictures. Wet weather and dust
is the natural enemy of all cameras. Keep your camera in a sealable
plastic bag and clean your hands before picking it up. When taking
photographs in the rain protect your camera using an umbrella or a
waterproof cover. Before taking your first shot, look around and ask
yourself what it is that makes this place stand out for you. By
identifying this element, you can make that the focal point of your
composition. If your eyes are drawn by this, then others’ eyes will be
It is essential that you steady your camera when taking landscapes. A
small inexpensive tripod would be an invaluable gadget to have in your
camera kit. The most common cause of poor definition is camera shake.
With landscapes there is no hurry. If you do not own a tripod take a
deep breath, hold your position, then squeeze the shutter gently.
Check that the horizon is level in your viewfinder. However, beware when
putting the horizon line in the middle of the frame will cut your
photograph in two. Remember the “rule of thirds” and use it often. This
rule has you form an imaginary '9 square' grid in your view finder. When
you do this, position your focal point on a spot where two of these
lines intersect. It has been found that people’s eyes will naturally be
drawn to objects in that position.
If possible take your pictures early in the morning or late evening, as
this will give breathtaking long shadows and warm colours. This is an
effect the professional photographers use very successfully. You can
also use selective colour filters to further enhance the scene.
Include something of interesting the first 5 meters of foreground. Such
as lines that you can use to draw attention to your focal point? Trees,
stone formations, a path of sunlight or even a low fence. All can draw a
person’s eyes toward your subject. Professional photographers suggest
keeping the horizon line, if visible in your shot, and place in a
horizontal position. Any other angle will appear unnatural and draw the
viewer to that instead of your focal point. Interesting cloud formations
can turn a bland picture into a spectacular one, especially at dawn or
sunset. Shooting across water, lakes and along rivers make excellent
subjects for landscape photography. Compose your shot in such a way that
the sky and ground flow gently into one another. Harsh contrasts can or
may distract you away from the main subject. This will put perspective
into your picture. Don’t forget you can align your camera either
horizontally or vertically to position you picture into the required
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